In the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful
O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting (Saum) as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous –
(As-Saum means fasting i.e. not to eat or drink or have legal sexual relations etc. from the Adhan of the Fajr (early morning) prayer till the sunset.)
[Fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] – then an equal number of days [are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] – a ransom [as the substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess – it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew.
The month of Ramadan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you, and perhaps you will be grateful.
And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided.
It has been made permissible for you the night preceding fasting to go to your wives [for sexual relations]. They are clothing for you and you are clothing for them. Allah knows that you used to deceive yourselves, so He accepted your repentance and forgave you. So now, have relations with them and seek that which Allah has decreed for you. And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn becomes distinct to you from the black thread [of night]. Then complete the fast until the sunset. And do not have relations with them as long as you are staying for worship in the mosques. These are the limits [set by] Allah, so do not approach them. Thus does Allah make clear His ordinances to the people that they may become righteous.
And do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly or send it [in bribery] to the rulers in order that [they might aid] you [to] consume a portion of the wealth of the people in sin, while you know [it is unlawful]. – The Holy Qur’an 2:183-188.
(Although all practices of worshipping are for Allah alone. Saum (fasting, because fasting cannot be practiced for the sake of showing-off, as nobody except Allah can know whether one is fasting or not. Therefore, fasting is a pure performance that cannot be blemished with hypocrisy. See Fath Al-Bari, Vol. 5, Page 10) – Source: Al-Qur’an-King-Fahd-Complex.
Ramadan what to Refrain & Neutralize
Fasting is not just refraining from food, we should also avoid all sinful events: Criticizing, Fighting, Dishonesty, Gossiping, Abusing, Rough behaving with others, avoid any unnecessary talking/gossiping, and earning through unlawful means etc and any other evil deeds, any other activities which may cause any harm to our neighbors’ and our other Muslim brothers and as well as any other mankind. In general, we should refrain from all kinds of sins, and protect our eyes, ears, tongue and all other organs from indulging in an unlawful activity. We should also avoid Eating, Drinking, and Sexual activity in the daylight, criticizing and any other activities those are not approved by the Islam during the whole day.
We should exchange social visits & intensify humanitarian services. Take extraordinarily cautious in using the senses, the mind and, especially, the tongue; exert the utmost in patience and humbleness Increase study of the Qur’an. Some terms to know: means to conclude fasting immediately after sunset by eating or drinking something. We the Muslims all over the world take drinking water or fruits Juice, dates other fruits and any other meal. It is also a Sunnah [tradition of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)] to make Iftar soon after sunset, and it is Makrooh (disliked) to delay in Iftar after sunset without a valid reason. No particular meal is prescribed for Iftar, but it is Sunnah to break the fast with few dates first then eat any other food. Some more terms…Suhoor: Suhoor is the meal one takes early in the morning before sunrise. It can be eaten any time of the night but it is Sunnah to do it close to dawn. Tarawih: is a special night-time prayer carried out only in Ramadan. It is not must but Sunnah. It consists of either 8 or 20 rakats.